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Directorate of Land Reclamation

DIRECTORATE OF LAND RECLAMATION

  • The climate of the Punjab province is arid and semi arid i.e. the annual precipitation is low and the temperature is high.
  • The salinity and sodicity are the inherited characters of this soil.
  • These problems are more acute in some irrigated areas resulting in low soil fertility, decline in crop yield and loss of bio-diversity
  • Just after the establishment of the irrigation system in the Punjab province, the salinity, sodicity and water logging appeared as a major threat. It was planned by the government to combat with this menace on war footing basis. This work was assigned to the Reclamation Wing of the Irrigation & Power Department thus in 1945 the Directorate of Land Reclamation was established.

OBJECTIVES OF CREATION

  • To study the :
    • Soil, water and plant relationship
    • Saline, saline-sodic, sodic and water logged soils
    • Groundwater use for agriculture
    • Irrigation techniques and farm water management
  • Having organization, coordination and technical control of reclamation operations on the farmer fields in the canal circles
  • To generate, acquire and disseminate information and knowledge relating to problem of soil and water
  • The collection, compilation and checking of Thur AND Sem Statistic through out the Punjab
 
HIERARCHY OF DIRECTORATE
 

Sr. No.

Name of posts

Sanctioned

Working

Vacant

1

Director (BPS-19)

1

1

-

2

Deputy Director / Land Reclamation Officer(BPS-18)

9

9

-

3

Research Officer Soil (BPS-18)

1

1

-

4

Physical Chemist (BPS-18)

1

1

-

5

Assistant Land Reclamation Officer (BPS-17+Rs 150/pm)

20

13

7

6

Farm Manager, Reclamation Supervisor, Soil Supervisor(BPS-17)

46

40

6

7

Junior Research Officer(BPS-17)

25

18

7

8

Non-gazetted

820

667

153

 
PROCESS OF RECLAMATION OPERATIONS
  • Selection of area on a channel under salinity / sodicity
  • Preparation of Tentative Reclamation Programme
  • Discussion between XEN & LRO
  • Approval of Reclamation Scheme by the Superintending Engineer.
  • Duration of Reclamation Supply, 3 years
  • Rate of Reclamation supply
  • On perennial canals, 1 Cs for 45 acres
  • On non perennial canals, 1 Cs for 60 acres
  • Methods of reclamation operations, physical, chemical and biological
  • Fixation of reclamation shoots, May
  • Uprooting of reclamation shoots, September.
  • Main areas of operations:
  • The Bara Lands of Upper and Lower Bari Doab Canals
  • Chit Land on Mailsi Canal
  • Waste Land on Haveli Canal
  • Gag Darkhana block of Haveli Canal
  • Crown waste area of Rungpur Canal and Rakkar Land on Upper Chenab Canal

An area of 13 million acres had been reclaimed through those operations upto 1996.Unfortunately, those reclamation operations were badly affected when ban on reclamation supply was imposed in 1994. It has been observed that ill effects are very prominent  due to discontinuity of those operations.The tail portion of each canal in particular, has been under the severe grip of salinity and sodicity and needs immediate attention.

PRESENT AREA OF RESPONSIBILTIES

  • Groundwater monitoring & evaluation
  • Evaluation of soil and water with special consideration to brackish groundwater
  • Impact of groundwater on soil characteristics
  • Evaluation of irrigation system being polluted by environmental pollutants
  • Extension services for dissemination of information and knowledge relating to the problem of soil, water and plants.
  • The Directorate of Land Reclamation Punjab was assigned duty of Groundwater Monitoring in 2003.
  • The Groundwater Monitoring, (Level, piezometer) Quality, EC, SAR and RSC.
  • Level points, 3175 and quality points 3318.
  • Monitoring regime: May-June,   Oct-Nov.
  • Area of monitoring =
    • River, Head works, Canal and Drains after every two months
  • Parameters of Analyses:
    • National (ID)
    • International (FAO)
  • GIS mapping
  • Reporting / Websiting

GROUNDWATER MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT (PISIP)

Punjab Irrigation System Improvement Project (PISIP) funded by JICA, started in 2009. Groundwater Monitoring and Management component has been considered as vital to study the quantitative and qualitative behaviour of groundwater system so taken under PISIP.The financial allocation to the component is Rs.22.95 Million. The Directorate of Land Reclamation & Strategic Planning Reform Unit (SPRU) were entrusted  for this responsibility

Sites of project:

  • Lower Chenab Canal Circle (LCC) West Faisalabad,
  • Bahawalnager Canal Circle, Bahawalnager
  • Dera Jaat Canal Circle, Dera Gazi Khan

MONITORING OF SURFACE WATER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Sources

Number

Sampling Sites

Rivers

5

16

Canals

27

89

Drains

20

60

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